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Hormonal acne: causes, symptoms and possible treatments

Hormonal acne: causes, symptoms and possible treatments
Hormonal acne: causes, symptoms and possible treatments

Do you suffer from persistent acne that seems to come on and get worse at certain times of the month? If so, you may be suffering from hormonal acne. Hormonal acne is a specific type of acne affected by hormonal fluctuations in the body. In this article, we'll review the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for hormonal acne to give you a full understanding of this common skin condition.


Hormonal acne, also known as hormonal cystic acne, is a skin condition that results from hormonal imbalances in the body. It is characterized by deep inflamed blisters, usually on the chin, jaw, and cheeks. Unlike other forms of acne, hormonal acne is mainly affected by fluctuations in the hormones of the body, which makes it more common in the stages of a certain part of life.

The causes of hormonal acne

Hormonal acne is directly related to the production and activity of hormones in the body. During puberty, there is an increase in the levels of androgens, such as testosterone, which stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. This excess sebum, along with dead skin cells and bacteria, clogs pores and leads to acne breakouts.

In addition to puberty, hormonal fluctuations also occur during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal changes during this period can lead to the appearance of acne in women. Similarly, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause can also contribute to the development of hormonal acne.

Symptoms and identifying them

Recognizing hormonal acne can be critical to effective treatment. Hormonal acne often appears as deep, painful cysts or nodules under the surface of the skin. These lesions are generally larger and more inflamed than other types of acne. They tend to appear in the lower part of the face, especially on the chin, jaw, and cheeks.

It is important to distinguish between hormonal acne and other forms of acne, as it requires a different treatment approach. If you notice that your acne occurs at about the same time each month or coincides with hormonal changes, it is likely hormonal acne.

Factors that contribute to the appearance of acne

While hormones play an important role in the treatment of hormonal acne, other factors may contribute to its development. Genetic predisposition may make some people more susceptible to hormonal acne. In addition, certain dietary and lifestyle factors, such as a diet high in the glycemic index or A diet high in cholesterol exacerbate hormonal imbalances and lead to the emergence of acne.

Intense stress can upset the delicate balance of hormones in the body, leading to hormonal acne. When we feel stressed, the body releases cortisol, also known as the stress hormone. High levels of cortisol can cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which clogs the pores and leads to acne.

Diet can also play a role in treating hormonal acne. Eating foods rich in refined carbohydrates and sugar can raise insulin levels, which in turn can stimulate you. Androgens. These androgens can contribute to the development of hormonal acne.

treatment options

Treatment of hormonal acne requires a comprehensive approach that addresses the underlying hormonal imbalances and the symptoms of acne. There are many treatment options, depending on the severity of acne and individual needs.

Topical treatments are generally used to treat the symptoms of hormonal acne. These include over-the-counter creams or gels that contain ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide or potassium. Add a salicylic or retinoid. These products can help unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and stimulate skin cell renewal.

In more severe cases, oral medications may also be prescribed. Antibiotics such as tetracycline or erythromycin can help control bacterial growth and reduce inflammation. Hormonal therapies, such as combined oral contraceptives or antiandrogens, may also be recommended to regulate hormone levels and reduce acne flare-ups.

Skincare routine for hormonal acne

In addition to medical treatments, a proper skincare routine can be very helpful in cases of hormonal acne. Here are some basic steps to follow:

  • Cleansing and exfoliating: Use a gentle cleanser to remove dirt, excess oil, and impurities without attacking the skin. Exfoliate regularly to unclog pores and remove dead skin cells.
  • Moisturise: Use an oil-free, non-comedogenic moisturizer to moisturize the skin without adding excess sebum. Moisture is important to maintain the skin's natural barrier and prevent excess sebum production.
  • Products that do not cause clogged pores: Choose skin care and makeup products that are classified as non-comedogenic. This means that it is less likely to clog pores and contribute to the appearance of acne.
  • Anti-acne ingredients: Incorporate products that contain anti-acne ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. And tea tree oil in your skincare routine. These ingredients can help reduce inflammation and control acne-causing bacteria.

 Natural treatments for hormonal acne

In addition to conventional treatments, some natural remedies can also relieve hormonal acne. Although these treatments are not suitable for everyone, they are worth exploring:

  1. Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil is known for its antimicrobial properties and can help reduce acne-causing bacteria and infections. Tea tree oil was diluted in a carrier oil and applied to the affected areas.
  2. Green tea: Drinking green tea or applying green tea extract topically can have anti-inflammatory effects on the gel. D It helps reduce the symptoms of acne.
  3. Aloe Vera: Applying aloe vera gel to acne-prone skin can reduce inflammation and promote healing. 
  4. Zinc supplements: Zinc plays a role in regulating hormones and can help reduce acne symptoms when taken as a dietary supplement. Consult a health professional before starting a new supplement.

Prevention and care

Preventing hormonal acne requires a holistic approach to your health and well-being. Consider the following tips:

  1. Maintain a balanced diet: eat whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Limit processed foods, sugary snacks, and beverages.
  2. Stress management: Build stress-reducing practices into your daily routine, such as exercise.
  3. Meditate or practice air and enjoy it. Finding healthy outlets for stress can help balance hormone levels and reduce the likelihood of developing hormonal acne.
  4. Practice good hygiene: Keep your skin clean by washing it gently twice a day. Avoid excessive exfoliation or the use of harsh cleansers, as this may irritate the skin and make acne worse.
  5. Touching your face may transmit germs and oils from your hands to your skin, which can contribute to breakouts.. Resist the urge to pick or squeeze acne lesions, as this can cause scarring and worsen inflammation.
  6. Change your pillowcase and towel regularly: Dirt, oil, and bacteria can build up over time in pillowcases and manna. heal. By changing them frequently, at least once a week, you will prevent these items from coming into contact with your skin.

When to seek professional help

If the love of the hormonal youth is darkened by your passion for the treatments and the changes in the pattern of life, then the time may be for the sake of the vision. A dermatologist can make personalized recommendations and prescribe stronger medications to effectively target hormonal acne. It can also help you identify any underlying conditions that may be contributing to acne.

Also, if acne is severe and causes emotional stress or leaves scars, a visit to a dermatologist is necessary. He can offer advanced treatments, such as laser therapy or chemical peels, to help manage acne and reduce scarring.

Remember, expert advice can make a huge difference in effectively managing hormonal acne and restoring the health of your skin.


Hormonal acne is a common skin condition that is affected by hormonal imbalances in the body. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options is essential for effective control of this type of acne. By correcting hormonal imbalances, following a consistent skincare routine, and adjusting your lifestyle, you can reduce the frequency and severity of breakouts. Hormonal acne.

Remember to consult a healthcare professional or dermatologist for personalized advice tailored to your specific needs. With the right approach, you can take back control of your skin and enjoy clearer, healthier-looking skin.

 FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Is hormonal acne common only during puberty?

Hormonal acne can occur at different stages of life, including puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. menstruation Hormonal fluctuations at any age can contribute to the development of acne.

Are there certain foods that can trigger hormonal acne?

Although the causative factors may differ from one person to another, eating a high-glycemic-index diet that includes: Sugary foods and treats can exacerbate hormonal acne. It is best to maintain a balanced diet and monitor the effect of different foods on your skin.

Does stress make hormonal acne worse?

Yes, stress can affect hormone levels and trigger hormonal acne breakouts. It is important to incorporate stress management techniques into your daily routine, such as exercise, meditation, or hobbies that you enjoy.


How long does it take to notice an improvement in acne from hormonal treatment?

The time to improvement can vary depending on the person and the treatment options chosen. It might take many weeks or even months to see a meaningful improvement. Consistency and patience are key when treating hormonal acne.


Can hormonal acne be completely cured?

Although hormonal acne cannot be completely cured, it can be effectively managed and reduced through the right treatments. skin care procedures and lifestyle modifications. With proper care, individuals can achieve significant improvements in the health and appearance of their skin.

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